VolumeViewer is a indicator, that offers a simple way to estimate the movement and balance (or lack of) of based on the shape of the price bar. i put this together few years ago and i have a version of this published for another platform under different names (Directional , BetterVolume) in case you come across them
what is V.Viewer
The idea here is to find a "simple proxy" for estimating the demand or supply portions of a bar - these 2 forces have the potential to affect the current price trend so we want an easy way to track them - or to understand if a stock is in accumulation or distribution - we want to do this without having access to Level II or bid/ask data, and without having to get into the complexity of exploring the lower timeframe price & data
- to achieve that, we depend on a simple assumption, that the associated with an up move is "demand" and the associated with a down move is "Supply". so we basically extrapolate these values based on how the bar looks like - a full "green" price bar / candle will be considered 100% demand, and a full "red" price bar will be considered 100% supply - a bar that opens and closes at the same level will be 50/50 split between .
- you may say this is a "too simple" of an assumption to make, but believe me, it works :) at least at the basic scenario we need here: i'm just exploring the movement and finding key levels - and it provides a good improvement compared to the classic way we see on a chart - which is still available here in VolumeViewer.
in all cases, i consider this to be work in progress, so i'd welcome any ideas to improve (without getting too complicated) - there's already a host of great volume-based indicators that will do the drill down, but that's not my scope here.
Technical Jargon & calculation
1. first we calculate a score % for the portion that is considered demand based on the bar shape
skip this part if it sounds too technical => if you're into coding indicators, you would probably know there are couple of different concepts for that algorithm - for example, the one used in formula - which i'm a big fan of - but the one i use here is different. (how?) this is my own, ant it simply applies double weight for the "wick" parts of a price bar compared to the "body of the bar" -- i did some side-by-side comparison in past and decided this one works better. you can change it in the code if you like
2. after calculating the Bull vs Bears portion of , we take a moving average of both for the length you set, to come up with what we consider to be the Demand vs Supply - as usual, i use a ( ) here.
3. the balance or net between these 2 lines is calculated, then we apply a final smoothing and that's the main plot we will get
4. being a very visual person, i did my best to build up the visuals in the correct order - then also to ensure the "study title" bar is properly organized and is simple and useful (Full , Supply, Demand, Net ).
- i wish there was a way in Pine to hide a value that i still need to visually plot but don't want it showing its value on the study title bar, but couldn't find it. so the last plot value is repeated twice.
How to use
- V.Viewer is set up to show the simplified view by default for simplicity. so when you first add it to a chart, you will get only the supply vs demand view you can see in the middle pane in the above chart
- Optional / detailed mode: go into the settings, and expose all other plots, you will be able to add the classic histogram, and the Supply / Demand lines - note these 2 lines will be overlay-ed on top of each other - this provides an easy way to see who is in control - especially if you change the display of these 2 lines into "area" style. This is what is showing in the lower pane in the above chart.
** Exploring Key Price Levels
- the premise is, at spots where there's big lack of balance, that's where to expect to find key price levels ( ) and these price levels will come into play in future so can be used to set entry / exit targets for our trades - see the example in the AAPL chart where you can easily locate these "balance or reversal levels" using the tops/bottoms/zero-crossings from the Net line
** Use for longer-term Price Analysis
- we can also use this simple indicator to gain more insights (at a high level) of the price in terms of accumulation vs distribution and if the sellers or buyers are in control - for example, in the above AAPL chart, V.Viewer tells us that buyers have been in control since October 19 - even during the recent drop , demand continued to be in play - compare that to DIS chart below for the same period, where it shows that the market was dumping DIS thru the weakness. DIS was bleeding red most of the time
- V.Viewer is an attempt to enhance the way we see and use by leveraging the shape of the price bar to estimate - and the Net between the 2
- it will work for stocks and other instruments as long as there's data
- note that V.Viewer does not track trend. each bar is taken in isolation of prior bars - the price may be going down and V.Viewer is showing supply going up (absorption scenario?) - so i suggest you do not use it to make decisions without consulting other trend / momentum indicators - of course this is a possible improvement idea, or can be implemented in another indicator, add in trend somehow, or maybe think of making this a +100 / -100 Oscillator .. feel free to play with these thoughts
- all thoughts welcome - if this is useful to you in your trading, please share with other trades here to learn from each other
- the code is commented - please feel free to use it as you like, or build things on top of it - but please continue to credit the author of this code :)
- for lower time frames, this will still work to provide some guidance of supply/demand movement - remember we're not after 100% accuracy here, just an estimate to confirm where the key levels are and bring an a "different perspective". you can take the same concept and apply it to a different platform that provides full volume data at lower time frames if you like.